It consists of swamp forest and lowland rain forest, mostly of secondary growth as result of extensive logging in the 1960s and 1970s. Despite decreasing populations, the park still has a few critically endangered Sumatran tigers, Sumatran elephants and Sumatran rhinoceroses. It also provides excellent birdwatching, with the rare white-winged wood duck among the over 400 species present in the park.
Located at the southern tip of Sumatra, 110 km from Bandarlampung, the Way Kambas National Park (WKNP) is one of the oldest reserves in Indonesia. It occupies 1,300 sq km of coastal lowland forest around the Way Kambas River on the east coast of the province of Lampung. WKNP is closely associated with elephants, since aside from being a sanctuary for these gentle giants, the national park is also known as their training ground.
Way Kambas was established as a game reserve by the Dutch administration in 1937. Sadly, between 1954 and 1974 it was intensively logged. In 1978, it was proposed as a national park, with provisional declaration in 1989, and final declaration in 1997.
It is believed that approximately 200 Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranensis) live within the park. The Sumatran elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian Elephant, and native to Sumatra Island. In general, Asian elephants are smaller than those of Africa and have the highest body point on the head. Among the Asian elephants, the Sumatran elephants are the smallest, with a shoulder height ranging between 2 meters and 3.2 meters (6.6 ft. to 10.5 ft). Wild Sumatran elephants were formerly found in eight provinces of Sumatra. However, the dense and tangled vegetation of the tropical rainforests there makes it difficult to estimate their exact number.
Officially established in 1985, the Elephant Training Center, located 9 km from the park’s Plang Ijo entrance, is an establishment aimed to protect the existence of the elephant and at the same time create mutual benefit for both the elephants and men. The training center is also a reminiscent of the time when kings or sultans ruled Sumatra, when elephants were trained and deployed in warfare and also for ceremonial purposes. Here, visitors can observe elephants perform various tasks such as transporting lumber or plowing fields. They can also perform peculiar activities such as playing football or other entertaining performances.
Threats to the park are posed by poaching and habitat loss due to illegal logging. Conservation efforts include patrolling and the establishment of the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary and the Elephant Conservation Centre.
The Way Kambas National park, found on the South East Coast of the Indonesian Island of Sumatra, is home to an extensive array of flora and fauna many of which are endangered and only found in this part of the world. With swamp forest, lowland rainforest, mangrove forest, dry beach forest and expanses of grassland this national park is the perfect habitat for thousands of different species, offering exciting opportunities for visitors to experience some of Indonesia’s most diverse wildlife up close and personal.
On this remarkable tour you will experience the spectacular flora and fauna of Way Kambas National Park, where you will be accompanied by an experienced local tour guide. This exciting 5 day / 4 night to will give you the special opportunity to see and learn about the endangered Sumatran Elephant, Rhinoceros & Tiger, along with a vast array of other exotic animals such as monkeys, tapirs, leopards and birds.
Another special feature of this national park is the Sumatran Rhino still present in the area. Only 275 remain in South East Asia today. In Way Kambas a managed breeding center or Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) has been build up in 1995. At this moment 5 Sumatran Rhinos live at the Sanctuary, most have been translocated from zoos to the large enclosures (with natural habitat) at the SRS.
Much of the park is dominated by a mosaic of Imperata cylindrica grassland and secondary forest habitat types, primarily a result of intensive logging operations in the past, but maintained by frequent fires and seasonal flooding. A central core area of the park is characterised by relatively intact primary tropical rainforest.
Rajabasa station in Bandar Lampung (Tanjung Karang) to Way Kambas, also named Plang Hijau. The trip will take 2-3 hours (100 km). Panjang station in Bandar Lampung to Sribawono (1 hour). In Sribawono get on a bus to Way Jepara (1 hour) and from there with a minibus to Plang Hijau. Rajabasa station to Metro (1 hour) and from Metro to Way Jepara. Merak ferry terminal in Bakaheni, where the ferry from Java arrives, to Plang Hijau.
A large part of the park is overgrown with Serdang Palms (Livistona hasselti). The lowland forest consists mainly of trees from the Dipterocarpacea family.
Because of the vast areas of grass-land, Way Kambas is a reserve where you can easily spot the animals.
- Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary
A managed breeding centre named Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) of 250 acres (100 ha) was built up in 1995. The goal of the sanctuary is to maintain a small number of rhinos for research, "insurance", awareness-building, and the long-term goal of developing a breeding program, to help ensure the survival of the species in the wild. Currently five Sumatran rhinos live at the Sanctuary, most have been translocated from zoos to the large enclosures with natural habitat at the SRS. Since 1997, Rhino Protection Units have been established. These are trained anti-poaching teams of 4-6 people that patrol a minimum of 15 days per month the key areas of the park to deactivate traps and identify illegal intruders. Andatu, a calf who born on June 23, 2013 is the fourth calf live in the zoo all over the world or semi-in-situ captive breeding likes in Way Kambas Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. The mother is Ratu and the father is Andalas who came from Cincinnati, USA in 2007. In earlier October 2003, Andatu height is almost the same of the mother height.
Sumatran Elephant (a lot of them are very dangerous due to ill-treatment in the adjacent elephant training school!), Siamang, White-handed Gibbon, Long-tailed Macaque, Pig-tailed Macaque, Silvered Leaf Monkey, Malayan Tapir, Lesser Mousedeer, Large Mousedeer, Barking Deer, Malayan Sunbear, Wild Boar, Wild Dog, Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Clouded Leopard, Pangolin, Temminck’s Golden Cat, Leopard Cat, Agile Gibbon, Common Otter.
- Elephant Conservation Centre
The Elephant Conservation Centre (ECC) has been established in the 1980s. The elephants in the centre have been domesticated and used for heavy work, ecotourism, patrol and breeding. Paintings created by elephants at the centre are sold by Novica, a commercial online arts agent associated with the National Geographic Society, with about half of the proceeds assisting endangered elephants throughout Asia.
The ECC will be provided with an elephant hospital which will become the first of its kind in Indonesia and the largest in Asia. The elephant hospital will be built on a 5-hectare area with a Rp10 billion ($1.11 million) investment and expected to initial operations in 2014.
False Ghavial, Estuarine Crocodile.
White-winged Wood-duck, Masked Finfoot, Milky Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Asian Dowitcher, Storm’s Stork, White-bellied Sea-eagle, Brahminy Kite, Grey-headed Fish-eagle, Lesser Fish-eagle, Osprey.
Day 1: Jakarta - Bandar Lampung - Way Kambas
This morning you will be transferred to the airport to take the 20 minutes flight from Jakarta to Lampung where you will be met by your host from Satwa Elephant Ecolodge. Drive 2 hours to the ecolodge in Way Kambas village, 50 metres from the main entrance to Way Kambas National Park. Tonight you are invited on a night-bird spotlight in the park with the local bird club. You may see owls, nightjars and frogmouths. Overnight in Ecolodge. (L, D)
Day 2: Combination Trip of Elephant and Tiger Track
Today you will visit the Way Kambas Elephant Conservation Centre, home to 65 Sumatran elephants. It is a delight to watch and help bathe the elephants, play with the feisty young ones or learn more about elephant care from the mahouts. This centre is improving all the time and with more attention and support the elephant welfare will rise to the hoped for standard. Then continue to Kalibiru Atas - There you will trek into the tiger territory with your expert tiger guides. The Sumatran tiger is a highly endangered animal but relatively safe in this park. Kalibiru Atas is a very active area for tigers who hunt the sambar deer while graze on the grasses. Late afternoon back to lodge, dinner and overnight. (B, L, D)
Day 3: Bungur River cruise and Short trek trip
After breakfast, take the route to Bungur through rural Sumatra with your guide and park ranger. At Bungur you take a small boat slowly up river for 2 - 3 hours. On the right is the forested park and on the left is a panorama of small holder farms where cattle or buffalo plough the fields. You should see plenty of water birds and raptors. Some of many species of Kingfisher will be seen especially the Small Blue. Hopefully you see some primates (Long tailed Macaques and Langurs – not Siomang Gibbons as they are more central in the Park). During this period you will stop for a coffee break on the edge of the river. After this you will be taken down a side stream for a short hike in the forest to an area which is being reforested (assisted by SIES and ALERT) where there is a park out station. Here you will have lunch, and a short talk of the history of the fire affected area. Then you will have the opportunity to plant your own tree leaving behind your special mark. Late afternoon cruise back to lodge, dinner and overnight. (B, L, D)
Day 4: Way Kambas - Jakarta Airport - Hotel.
Today an early morning you will have fun riding bicycles into the park to search for Siamang gibbon. These primates have a most exotic call and can be easily found by following the sound. You will be able to observe and photograph them well if you can find them in the treetops. If your bicycle safari is not successful the guide can take you further by car. Then back to the lodge for breakfast and transfer to Bandar Lampung Airport for flying to Jakarta. On arrival hotel transfer, check in hotel and relax time. (B) Day 5 : Jakarta - Tour ends Leave hotel after breakfast to Jakarta international airport for flying home or onto your next destination tour in Indonesia. (B)
PRICE: $1.000 per person (twin share - minimum 2 persons)
- Return flights Jakarta to Bandar Lampung
- Private car transfer
- Transport to Rhino Center
- All safari activity
- Meal as mentioned above itinerary
- 3 Night in Way Kambas Ecolodge
- 1 Night in Jakarta
- All National park entrance ticket
- Mineral water per day tour
- Drinks other than mineral water, guide tip, and personal expenses.
View the embedded image gallery online at: